Noise Induced Hearing Loss

Noise Induced Hearing Loss

The most normal feature of our life is the means of communication. A normal sound is enjoyable but a loud sound is unpleasant. The loud noise heard for a long time leads to the damaging of the sensitive structure of the inner ear, causing ear damage which results in Noise Induced Hearing Loss.

According to The Effects of living in a noisy world, noise-induced hearing impairment is the most widespread irreversible occupational hazard.

What is Noise-Induced Hearing Loss?

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss caused by one-time exposure or continuous exposure to loud noises. The sound is measured in units called decibels, less than 75 decibels or above 85 decibels can cause hearing loss. Below is some main reason behind this damage:

  • Industrial sources – The Printing press, textile mills and Construction and carpentry cause extreme noise pollution.
  • Public Address system – In India, people just want an excuse for using loudspeakers whether its marriage, death or birth which contributes to noise pollution.
  • Transport Vehicle, Household chores, and Road traffic noise also contribute towards noise pollution.

Effects and symptoms of Noise on hearing

  • Tinnitus – Long-term exposure to loud noise can cause tinnitus – ringing, roaring and buzzing in the ear or head.It can disappear or be permanent with time.Watch the video on How to stop tinnitus and find out more.
  • Temporary hearing loss – Sometimes hearing loss is only for 16 to 18 hours but that may cause long-term damage to hearing later.
  • Long-term hearing loss – Long-term exposure to loud noises leads to starts losing hearing and later it may be difficult to understand what other people talk which leads to long-term hearing loss.
  • Immediate hearing loss – Sudden exposure to extremely loud noises such as explosion or gunshots may lead to rupturing of the eardrum or damage the bone in the middle ear.This type of ear damage can result in a permanent hearing loss.


  • To Protect your hearing check different sounds by the National Institute on Deafness and other communication disorders (NIDCD) in their noise meter.
  • Consult your doctor for the hearing test.
  • Use of Earplugs and Earmuffs and headphone must be used to prevent occupational damage.
  • Use of helmet fitted with ear pad and ear proofs while driving.
  • Sound insulation at construction stages.
  • Planting of more and more trees.
  • Noise pollution control in automobile

Treatment of noise-induced hearing loss

It is mostly stated that Noise-induced hearing loss is irreversible but according to an article on Treatment of noise-induced hearing loss after treatment of the exposed person with the stay in silence, environmental noise below 70 decibels for three weeks there is a chance for recovery.

Noise-induced hearing loss can also be treated with the use of hearing aids. Different types of hearing aids are available.Consult your doctor and use hearing aid suitable to your needs.

Follow these tips for proper care & maintenance

Clean your hearing aids on a daily basis: Prevent it by wax clogging. You should gently clean it with a soft, dry towel each day. Alcohol, cleaner liquid or cleaning products cause damage.

Use left and right mark: Putting hearing aid in the wrong ear can cause damages. If you are using the hearing machine in both ears then keep in mind that both are specifically customized for your ear with different specification. So do not swap it.

Protect from moisture or water: Remove it from your ear before taking a shower, bath or swimming. Due to high moisture levels, you should not leave it in the bathroom. Store it in their storage case and keep somewhere cool and dry place to avoid condensation, overheating and moisture.

Open battery door at night: Open your hearing aid battery door at night to allow air to flow through the device. So that all moisture get dry and also add the benefit of preserving battery life. Before opening the door of battery, follow all instructions of hearing device as some may require reactivation or replacement parts after a certain amount of usage.

Keep away from kids and pets: These machines are small in size and kids used to take everything in the mouth. Hence it better to keep it away from kids as well as pets.

How to clean Behind The Ear Hearing Aid (BTE)

❯ Cleaning the mold and tubing: Remove them in one piece, then clean in lukewarm, soapy water. Dry your hearing aid so there is no drop of water left in the tube, then reattach to your machine.

❯ Not allowing the tubing to become twisted

❯ Clean the main body of the hearing aid by wiping with a soft cloth

❯ Do not use solvents or cleaning fluids

❯ Store your hearing aid overnight in its dehumidifier.

How to clean  RIC/OTE hearing aid

❯ Removing wax or other debris regularly. The Hearing Aid Dispenser will show you the correct way to do this with the tools provided

❯ Locate the microphone and speaker ports of your hearing aids.

❯ Changing the wax filter (if fitted) if it becomes clogged, and the earbud if it becomes hard or damaged. Our Hearing Aid Dispenser will show you the correct way to do this

❯ Not allowing the tubing to become twisted

❯ Clean the main body of the hearing aid by wiping with a soft cloth

❯ Never immerse the hearing aid in water

How to clean CIC/ITC/ITE  hearing aid

❯ Removing wax or other debris regularly.

❯ Changing the wax filter if it becomes clogged. Our Hearing Aid Dispenser will show you the correct way to do this

❯ Cleaning the main body of your hearing aids with a soft cloth

❯ Do not use solvents, cleaning fluids, washing-up liquid or oil

❯ Never immerse your hearing aids in water

More things to consider for cleaning hearing aids

❯ Wipe your hearing machines with a soft cloth, tissue, and customized wipes.

❯ Take care of microphone and the speaker port.

❯ Use a soft or specific brush to clean microphone or speaker to remove any wax or dirt.

❯ Next, use a wax pick or hook to clear anything out of the holes that didn’t come out with the brush.

❯ Open the battery door that allows air to go from one side of the hearing aid to the other. Use a vent cleaner to clear out the vent of the machine.

❯ Use a hearing aid vacuum cleaner to clean additional dirt.

❯ You can also use a spray to clean your hearing aid and earmold.

When you need to see your professionals

A little bit hearing aid care make your device durable & working for a long period of time. We suggest you to concern your audiologist for proper care and guidance if you are a beginner or unable to do it yourself. If you have read our whole article and find yourself comfortable to clean it yourself, it’s great. But at any stage, if you are feeling any sort of confusion and need the advice to contact a hearing professional.

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