Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo BPPV

All the parts of the complete ear fall under three main categories. We can call these as outer, middle and inner ears separately. Because they have different sets of organs for different working. Among them, the inner ear has a lot of essential but delicate organs. Any harm to these sensitive parts can cause Tinnitus and Dizziness to you.

If you need any assistance or have a question about Dizziness, you can consult our HearingSol experts with your problem, feel free to call us on 1800-121-4408. We are always here to help you.

The inner ear has two main parts. The first part of the inner ear is responsible for hearing that is cochlea. And the other part is labyrinth it is accountable for the body balance. If the inner ear nerve that connects to the brain break or stops functioning, so it results in dizziness to you.

Symptoms of Dizziness and Tinnitus

Dizziness is the strong feeling of lightheadedness or unbalancing and Vertigo. Many types of disorders that occur in the inner ear that can cause dizziness. It is a simple yet dangerous disease. Because if there is nothing to hold to balance yourself again or you fall suddenly.

Therefore it can cause serious injuries to you if you are on the street or staircase at that time. 50 percent of the Tinnitus and Dizziness experiences to the people are caused due to inner ear disturbances. The body’s sense of balance depends on the inner ear, eyes and sensory nerves resides within the human skull.

Few of the major symptoms of dizziness are as follows :

  • Vertigo
  • Faintness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Tinnitus and dizziness
  • Feel weak or unsteady
  • A false sense of motion
  • The feeling of dizziness
  • Heavy headless experience

Causes of Dizziness and Tinnitus

There are various factors that causing tinnitus and dizziness to a normal person. It can happen with anyone anywhere. Different age groups people can face this situation. Nearly 50 percent of the dizziness cases are caused by the inner ear disturbances, 15 percent due to physiological disturbance, 5 percent by medical and remaining are still unknown.

Some of the major reasons for dizziness are the following :

1. Meniere’s Disease

It is an inner ear disorder in which fluid builds up in the inner ear causing a feeling of ear fullness and hearing loss. It generally affects only one ear. The frequency of hearing loss varies from temporary to permanent. If the damage is not serious then you can recover very soon to normal. If not then it is responsible for severe hearing impairment.

2. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) It is the most common type of dizziness. The main reason behind this is also an inner ear problem. Although It occurs by a specific movement of the head. The mean of it is that when you move or keep your head in a particular position this happens. Also, when you sleep some of the head positions can cause it.

3. Central vestibular

Sound waves do not travel directly into the brain or inner portion of the ear in their original form. They have to passes and transform from the outer ear to the internal ear. The vestibular system contains part of the inner ear and the brain that controls all the balance. When they damage hearing loss occurs due to the feeling of tinnitus and dizziness or vertigo. It accounts for 14 percent of the inner ear associated problems.

4. Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss is also called nerve deafness. It occurs due to the damage of the hair cells of the cochlea. the cochlea is part of the internal ear that receives sound. Although these hair cells can recover from minor damage. But if the damage is severe then it is unable to recover. In some cases, this becomes a permanent disability of listening sounds.

5. Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) is caused by sudden deafness occurring over 72 hours or less time. This problem occurs mostly in the 30 to 60 age group people. You may become deaf for the rest of your life. As some time this disorder is untreatable. Almost 50 percent of the people suffering from SSNHL have a different experience of dizziness and vertigo problems.

Other Causes of Dizziness may include the following :

6. Central Dizziness

When this disorder is not treated well and acquires a severe form or some other disease causes dizziness. Therefore it can reach and damage your main nerves system. If dizziness begins in the central nervous system of your body. It can be caused by migraine, tumor, infection, and trauma.

7. Visual Dizziness

It is also called visual vertigo too. This problem occurs due to an imbalance of the eye muscles causing difficulty in focusing on the objects and reading the text. In this situation, it seems to you that all the objects around you are moving randomly. Hence you can be lost your balance and feel a false sense of motion.

When to consult a doctor?

Although this not a serious problem if you feel this rarely or once. But if you feel regular or frequent attacks of dizziness then this is the matter to concern. You should immediately consult with an expert doctor or audiologist. if this disorder is not treated well as soon as possible then it may become worst.

Consult the doctor as soon as you have these symptoms –

  • Continuous vomiting
  • A severe headache
  • Visual motion
  • Photosensitivity (Extreme sensitive to ultraviolet rays )
  • Nystagmus ( the involuntary jumping of the eye )
  • Fever, cold hands

Evaluating Dizziness and Tinnitus

The first step in evaluating this problem is often a hearing test. The hearing organ or our cochlea is contained inside the bony structure and work as the balance organ.

Beside of this here are few other tests :

1. An ABR test

A behavioral hearing test in a sound booth may be done after an Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) test. An ABR test is nothing but non invasively records brainstem responses to sound stimuli. The brain waves collect while you rest comfortably with closed eyes. The presence or absence of hearing loss or auditory brainstem anomalies will give clues to the physician regarding the cause of the symptoms.

2. VNG Test

A second common test for balance is VNG or videonystagmography. Generally, ENT physician or an audiologist perform these test, a VNG test makes the use of video cameras to record eye movements when the patient tracks a visual stimulus, whereas the ear canals are to be stimulated with warm and cool air or water. This test tells whether the underlying issue is related to the inner ear or not.

3. Other Tests

Other tests in order to evaluate dizziness are performed by a physical therapist, cardiologist or neurologist. Because our balance system involves many systems.

Treatment of Dizziness and Tinnitus

The suitable treatment mainly depends on the cause of dizziness. Firstly the patient should consult a doctor then depend on the cause of dizziness treatment should start

Treatment for Meniere’s disease

There is no cure but doctors prescribe medication such as diazepam, Salt restriction, Diet changes, Cognitive therapy for Meniere’s disease.

Treatment for Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Dizziness itself goes in some time but still treatment is needed then some head exercises are there.  Over time the brain starts reacting less to the puzzled signals of the inner ear.

Treatment for Central vestibular

For dizziness caused by a central vestibular certain type of head, body and Eye exercises are prescribed.

Other disorders

Other disorders can also be treated with surgery, medication, Changes in lifestyle.Our sense of balance and hearing depends on various factors including the relationship between various parts of the human body.

If you need any assistance or have a question about Dizziness, you can consult our HearingSol experts with your problem, feel free to call us on 1800-121-4408. We are always here to help you.

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