Dyslexia is a common neurological condition within the brain’s language processing individualized by learning disorder with normal intelligence. To illustrate, difficulty with reading quickly, the problem in spelling words, hard to pronounce and understand word or speech, etc.
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Sometimes reading is tangled. It requires our brain to connect letters to sounds, put those sounds in the right sequence, and pull the words together into sentences and paragraphs. So that we can read and understand.
However, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke define dyslexia as “difficulty with phonological therapy (the manipulation of sounds). Secondly, the exact cause of dyslexia is not found since 1881, when the condition was first identified. Some believe that it is arising from both genetic and environmental aspects.
Causes of Dyslexia
Neuroanatomy– The anatomy of the nervous system. A connection between both structural and functional differences in the brains of children with learning difficulties.
Genetic causes- Having defects in a gene e.g. DCDC2, DYX1C1, or KIAA0319 are associated with difficulty in the language center of the brain.
Environmental factors- Usually, some people with this disorder acquire the condition due to a stroke, brain injury, or some other type of trauma.
General factors- Dyslexia may cause if your parents, siblings are suffering from dyslexia. Kids who are having this problem it is difficult for them connecting letters to the sounds they make.
Types of Dyslexia
Primary Dyslexia – It is a dysfunction of, rather than damage to, the left side of the brain (cerebral cortex) and does not change with age. It is a common type of dyslexia and is more found in boys. It occurs due to genetic factors like gene mutations.
Secondary or developmental Dyslexia – It is caused by problems of brain development during the early stages of fetal development.
Trauma Dyslexia – An injury to the area of the brain that controls reading and writing is responsible for trauma dyslexia.
Some symptoms of dyslexia
- Unusual early or late development in talking, crawling, walking stages
- Maybe an extra deep or light sleeper
- High in IQ but the difficulty in learning to read
- Delayed in speech and extended hearing means easily distracted by the sound
- The difficulty with a vision where eye test does not reveal a problem
- Concentration span or Seems to “Zone out” often
- Prone to motion sickness(confuse left and right or up and down)
- The complication in counting objects or money
- Far extent long-term memory for location, faces or experiences and poor memory for facts, sequences or inexperienced information
- Sometimes can be a troublemaker or can be too quiet and curious about pain
- Emotionally sensitive and always strives for perfection.
Treatment or diagnosis of dyslexia
There are some tests and procedures that can indicate long-term improvements with high probability for most children with dyslexia. Including psychological testing, on-going evaluation and some guidance and support can help minimize the negative impact of this disorder.
Moreover, we understood that early diagnosis, treatment, and support can help reduce the impact of dyslexia.
Dyslexia is distinct for everyone. Some people have a gentle thought that they somehow learn how to manage. Others have a little more difficulty in overcoming. Even if children’s are not able to fully overgrow dyslexia, they can still to college and succeed in life.