Ear tube surgery, also known as tympanostomy tube insertion surgery, is the most common childhood surgery performed in the US. At The Children’s Hospital surgeons surgically implant ear tubes in more than 4,000 children each year.
The procedure is very common and poses minimal risks. An ear tube insertion is more common for children, they tend to suffer ear infections more often than adults.
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Who needs an Ear Tube insertion?
According to doctors, Ear tube insertion is the most common childhood surgery performed with anesthesia. The bacteria that travel from the nasal cavity into the ear during a cold or other respiratory ailments, therefore, the ear tube insertion is required. This influx of bacteria stimulates inflammation and causes a fluid buildup behind the eardrum.
An adult can also get infected with an ear infection, but children get infected them more frequently because they have smaller Eustachian tubes that are more likely to clog. According to the National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), every five out of six children will have at least one ear infection by their third birthday.
Sometimes, however, a person will experience recurrent ear infection and fluid buildup, or have an ear infection that won’t heal for months. These issues may lead to hearing loss, ear disorders, behavioral issues, and speech development delays in children. Each person who suffers from serious ear infections that spread to nearby tissues and bones, or experience a pressure injury.
While the child is asleep and pain-free, a small surgical cut is made in the eardrum. Then, a small tube is placed through the cut in the eardrum.
The tube allows air to flow in it so that pressure is the same on both sides of the eardrum. This fluid can flow out of the middle ear this prevents hearing loss and reduces the risk of ear infections.
Risk and Complication of ear tubes-
Ear tube insertion is a common and safe procedure. On rare occasions, however, the complication may occur. It can occur in up to half of the children due to the surgery of ear tubes. Some of the complications are-
- Failure to resolve ear infection.
- Ear Infection
- Chronic ear drainage
- Hearing loss
- Scarring of the eardrum
- Ear canal skin tissue and material getting trapped inside the eardrum.
- Keep the ear dry and to use earplugs.
- Experience a fever of 102 degrees Fahrenheit or higher
- Notice green, pus-like drainage coming out of ear for more than a week
- Experience persistent pain or continuous bleeding.
After the surgery, patients generally stay in the recovery room for a short time and leave the hospital on the same day. To reduce the chances of infection, the doctor may prescribe eardrops and antibiotics. The doctor may also recommend covering your ears when bathing or swimming to help reduce the risk of bacteria entering the middle ear.
The good news is that most people after the surgery experience fewer ear infections and they do get recover faster from any infections. They also sleep more soundly, feel better, hear better.
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