Speech therapy is a program aimed at enhancing speech and language skills as well as oral motor functions. It is a treatment procedure to improve communication problems by habilitation or rehabilitation. Such defects may originate in the brain, the ear, or anywhere along the vocal tract and may affect the voice, articulation, language development, or ability to speak after language is learned.
For children who have started talking but are not clear can work on making their speech clearer. They can start learning new words in order to boost their language skills, forming and talking in full sentences, or enhancing their listening skills. Whereas, children who do not start speaking organically may have to learn sign language.
Speech Therapy Exercises & Activities
There are many ways you can help your child or adults learn to understand and use words. No matter the origin of the client’s problem, speech therapists offer activities and exercises that can make the client’s daily life easier. SLPs work to figure out what kind of speech problem a person has. Remember, though, that therapy can’t cure your child. The underlying speech development issue will still be there. They determine the cause & provide the best treatment. SLPs can help with:
Specialty of speech language pathology
Speech-Language Pathology offers a full range of speech, language, and swallowing services for people of all ages. SLPs work to prevent, diagnose, and treat speech in children and adults. A lot of people think that speech language pathology is associated with treating people who stammer or stutter. They provide may treatment for people who suffering from either mild, dyslexia, moderate or severe learning difficulties, cleft lip and palate language delay,stammering, specific language disability, specific troubles in constructing sounds, hearing loss, social interaction struggles, voice disorders and selective autism.
Speech-language pathologists are particularly educated specialists who evaluate and treats individuals with speech, language, communication and swallowing disorders that occur in all ages, from kids to the old-age. These specialists have a master’s degree or doctorate in this field, as well as a proper certification which makes them treat a wide range of delays and disorders. SLPs treat many types of communication and swallowing problems. These include problems with:
Also called stuttering, is how well speech flows. Someone who stutters may repeat sounds or pause a lot when talking.
How we are sounding or pronounce a words. Other words for these problems are articulation or phonological disorders.
How our voices sound. We may sound harsh lose our voices easily talk too loudly or through our noses or be unable to make sounds.
How well we understand what we hear or read and how we use words to tell others what we are thinking. In adults this problem may be called aphasia.
How well we read and write. People with speech and language disorders may also face trouble reading, spelling, and writing.
How well our minds work. Problems may involve memory, attention, problem solving, organization, and other thinking skills.
Feeding and swallowing
How well we suck, chew, and swallow food and liquid. A swallowing disorder may lead to poor nutrition, weight loss, and other health problems. This is also called dysphagia.
How well we behave in social gathering, like taking turns, how to talk to different people, or how close to stand to someone when talking. This is also called pragmatics.
How speech therapist Works
SLP helps your child with rhyming and with identifying the beginning sounds in words. It can work on helping your child understand the meaning of what he reads. They help to improve social communication and pay attention to the other person’s tone of voice, body language, and emotions. Stuttering is a communication disorder that affects speech fluency. SLPs can teach your child strategies on how to control this behaviour and thus increasing his speech fluency and intelligibility. Cognitive-communication disorders usually happen as a result of a stroke, traumatic brain injury, or dementia, although they can be congenital, so they help to recover it. They teach your child to speak in longer sentences and to share more details that help your kids combine their ideas in sentences.
Speech Therapy for adults
Adults may experience speech and language difficulties for a variety of reasons. Speech Therapy aims for an individual to develop or get back effective communication skills at its optimal level. Recovery through speech treatment depends on the case and various of your problem, especially if your speech problem is acquired, means you had normal speech skills before you had face any incident that caused your current speech problem; thus, you may or may not get back your old level of speech function.
For communication difficulties, you will be asked about the nature of your difficulties, their impact on you, and their origin. The Speech and Language Therapist will then look at various aspects of language by asking questions and showing you pictures. Once they have assessed all the relevant aspects of language they will then formulate a diagnosis and therapy plan.
There is number of reason speech difficulties occur in adults:
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Throat, neck or throat cancer
- Socializing problems followed by auditory disorder
- Conditions like stroke or dementia
Speech Therapy for children
Every baby may not speak like same; every child is a different way to express their emotion. But there are speech therapy activities for toddlers that you can do to help your child learn to talk. A child between the ages of 18 months and 3 years will generally mispronounce many words. There are many speech therapy exercises or activities kids which help to improve their communication such as Flashcards, Mirror Exercises, Frog Hop, Guess Who? And many more.
If the problem is not pronunciation but rather that your child isn’t talking or is talking very little, you should act a little more quickly. Since each patient with a speech disorder is unique, such therapy will have to be according to the needs of the individual.
Following are some issues that can be a reason for speech difficulties:
- Learning difficulty
- Mispronounces vowels
- Physical disability
- Language delay
- Difficulties in sound production
- Hearing problems
- Cleft palate
- Autistic spectrum disorders
- Voice disorders
- Selective mutism
Where can I find a speech-language pathologist?
- Private practices
- Physicians’ offices
- Colleges and universities
- Rehabilitation centres, long-term and residential health care facilities
Remember some points to get rid of speech difficulties and improve better.
|Don’t waste your energy and time to know the reason of stammering||Try to understanding your stammer, there is always a presence of a triggering factor.|
|There are no medically proven treatments for stammering||Take help from a Speech Therapist who will guide you in removing your removing along with a Psychologist.|
|Stammering can be controlled only if you’re willing to work on yourself. There are no shortcuts or overnight miracle.|
Never stop practicing
|Remember, Practice makes man perfect. Don’t give up on it|
|In case of no improvement despite of regular visits to the speech therapist. Do not blame the pathologist, the problem lies within you for not believing enough on yourself.||Pay regular visits to your therapist.|
|Your improvement totally depends on you, how you deal with your stammering and how much effort you put in to recover.|
What you can expect from Speech Therapy
The therapist should give you and your child strategies to deal with difficulties more effectively. They will likely give you activities to practice at home to reinforce the skills your child is learning. Kids who make the most progress tend to be those whose get involved in their treatment.
- Jobs are available throughout the UK, although there are more opportunities in urban areas.
- You can work in a range of settings, for example, hospitals, health centres, day-care centres, rehabilitation units, schools or preschools, a client’s home, prisons or young offenders’ institutions.
- Depending on where you work, you may need to travel between client visits.
- With experience, you can take on freelance work or become self-employed.
- Competition for entry-level posts is fierce and it’s important to be geographically flexible if possible.
At Hearing Sol speech and hearing clinic, we believe in creating a comfortable and welcoming environment for our patients. Our aim is to improve the quality of life of all individuals with communication difficulties. We are here to listen to your worries, answer your queries and provide the best possible care to each patient and their unique needs. At our hearing clinic, we have made sure that individual therapy sessions are available for all clients, whether adults or kids.