What Do They Do At Speech Therapy?

A speech disorder is a type of communication disorder where normal speech is disrupted. Speech therapy is a program to enhance speech and language skills.

Grown children have a problem in saying the word, sentences.  They are suffering from a speech disorder.

If you need more information or you have a question regarding Speech Therapy, you can discuss it with our HearingSol healthcare professionals, just give us a call on +91-9899437202. We are always here to help you.

The good news is that children who have difficulty in speaking or understanding others can go to a particular type of doctor(speech-language pathologist) for help.

The best way to treat communication difficulties is Speech Therapy performed by a Speech therapist or SLP(speech-language therapist). This article summarizes the research about SLP and what does speech therapists do at speech therapy.

There are various reasons for communication difficulties for both adults and kids. The examples are as follows

  • Neurological disorder.
  • Physical disabilities.
  • Hearing impairment.
  • Conditions such as stroke.
  • Learning Difficulty.
  • Mispronounces vowels.
  • Physical disability.
  • Stammering.
  • Breathing Disorder.

What does a speech therapist do?

  1. Improving coordination of speech muscles over-breathing exercises, strengthening, and sound repetition.
  2. Developing the brain and body communication through visible and audible aids i.e mirrors and tape recorders, or hearing aids.
  3. Articulation skills- For example, how to move the tongue, lips to produce an individual word.
  4. Expressive language- Ability to talk by gestural symbols like bouncing our shoulders to indicate “I don’t know” and waving hands to “Bye Bye”.
  5. Stuttering- Getting stuck on certain sounds in words e.g. behaviors be like repetitions, eye blinks or other odd facial movements.
  6. Cluttering- Talking too fast and leaving out parts of words. SLPs can instruct, how to control this behavior.
  7. Cognitive-communication skill- Refers to the loss of cognitive process such as attention, memory, awareness, etc. SLPs work with your child to build these skills.
  8. Swallowing/Feeding issues- Having depth knowledge of the functions of oral cavities similarly in orofacial myofunctional disorders including tongue thrust. They apply their theoretical knowledge in their therapy. As a result, they also solve feeding issues.
  9. Resonance or voice problems: -Sound disorders refer to those disorders that affect the vocal folds which allow us to give voice. It refers to the trouble with pitch, volume, and quality of voice.

Therapy for Late Talkers

If your child is well grown and not talking by now take your child to the speech therapist. The therapist will do a certain task or activities to cheer your child to talk. Sometimes a therapist tries to hold the favorite toy of a child so that child can talk. For other children, different types of activities are available for different types of cases.

Subsequently, for adult patients, speech therapists usually meet for an hour session. They work with the family member of the patient to decide the level of ability to ensure safety level. Hence, a speech therapist found almost everywhere. They are omnipresent as they can be present in physicians’ office, hospitals, schools, via the internet or webcam, rehabilitation centers, and residential health care clinic.

On the contrary, a Speech therapist determines the problem affecting communication the most and attend by the best therapy methods.

Therapy for Apraxia

Oral-Motor Test

The pathologist will check the structural problem of a child’s jaw, tongue, and lips. The pathologist examines all the facial movements of a child while speaking, smiling, laughing, etc.

Speech Evaluation

A pathologist put some pictures in front of a child. And tell the child to determine a picture. In this evaluation, a pathologist will observe a child’s ability to express words and sentences.

Therapy for Aphasia

It is a condition in which is the child is having difficulty in speaking. There is damage to the brain in aphasia. The person suffering from aphasia face the problem in listening, reading and writing. Speech therapist plays a very vital role in the therapy of aphasia. The person is diagnosed by the specialist and evaluates its ability to comprehend others and express themselves. These are some common methods

  • Drills improve the skills of the language of an individual.
  • Group therapy increases the ability to speak with others and also helps in understanding the conversation of the others.
  • As some of the patients are shy at starting. Gestures are used to enhance the level of an individual.
  • By using writing skills patients can express themselves.

Therapy for Stuttering

A stutter is a type of speech disorder when your speech is involuntarily broken up by repetitive sounds or blocks where you can’t quite say the sounds you want to. It is a type of behavioral problem.

Controlling the rate of speaking is one of the methods. Because speaking too fast may result in stuttering. The more you speak slow the more you will be fluent.

The Benefits of Speech Therapy

Speech therapy can help children to speak more clearly. This makes them feel more confident and less frustrated about speaking to others. Children who have language issues can benefit from speech therapy, socially, emotionally and educationally. It can also improve reading comprehension skills and encourage children to read.

Speech therapy is particularly beneficial when children begin life. In one study, 75 percent of preschool children, who went through speech therapy, with language issues, showed improvement in language skills.

How Long Will Treatment Last?

Some treatments are small and others are long. It depends on the problem on which the child is working. A child can see the doctor once or twice a week. Treatment can take a few weeks, months or a few years.

If you have the problem of speech, then the best advice is practice, practice, practice. Take the time to work on the skills shown by the doctor. Maybe spend some time before practicing on the bed in front of the mirror. Ask your parents to work with you.

If you need more information or you have a question regarding Speech Therapy, you can discuss it with our HearingSol healthcare professionals, just give us a call on +91-9899437202. We are always here to help you.

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