Is autism and developmental delay the same thing?

Yes, autism and developmental delay the same thing. Another name of Autism spectrum disorders or ASD is pervasive developmental disorders (PDD). ASD is a disorder in which there is a delay in the development of socialization and communication.  ASD is basically a complex developmental condition.

If you need more information or you have a question regarding Autism and Developmental Delay, you can discuss it with our HearingSol healthcare professionals, just give us a call on +91-9327901950. We are always here to help you.

The pervasive developmental disorders or Autism spectrum disorders is a category which includes five different disorders of development. The first 4 disorders are commonly ASD.  The last disorder is rare and sometimes considered in the ASD or sometimes may not. The PDD is also called atypical autism or mild autism.

Children with developmental delays can sometimes be difficult to separate from autistic children. For example, children with speech delays often have delays in social skills because it is harder to navigate social situations without appropriate language.

In autism spectrum disorder, there is a pattern of issues in specific areas (for classic autism: language, repetitive behaviors, social skills). It is all around problems with social interaction and inspiration example: Children suffering from autism can focus on things rather than people. Therefore take more time to learn social signs and language-It is difficult for a child with a speech delay, which can cause problems with physically making words or other things.

Causes of ASD

The cause for the ASD is unknown. Some of the factors that cause autism

  • Genetic disorder.
  • Environmental toxins.
  • Exposure of fetal to valproic acid.
  • Low birth weight.

According to NINDS, both genetics and environment are the factors for determining autism in a person. Most of the research shows that autism does not cause by vaccines. However, measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine cause autism.

Symptoms of PDD

  • Face difficulty in speaking and comprehending the language.
  • Lack of eye contact.
  • Difficulty in facial expressions.
  • Repeat the actions and body movements such as hair twirling, hand flapping.
  • Play with toys in an odd way.
  • Difficulty in comforting or cuddling.
  • Mood swings such as temper tantrums, aggression.
  • High pitched or flat voice.


If you feel that your child is not developing, does not hears you, does not show interests in any activities. You should take your child to the specialist for diagnosis. The specialist can diagnose the children who are 18 months old.  There is no medical treatment for autism.

You can take your child to the pediatric psychiatrist or a pediatric neurologist.  They are specialist in diagnosing autism. They will suggest the best treatment plan for your child.


Basically, there are no evidence medications can treat autism spectrum disorder. As in some cases, medications are used to treat certain behavioral problems. Therapies are the best treatment for children. Some of the children get special class treatment. In this specialized classrooms are for children where they are cured with care. Some of the therapies are

  • Behavioral therapy
  • Play therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Speech therapy

Goal to help kids

  • Better communicate
  • Play with others and learn social skills
  • Less repetitive or bad behavior
  • Stay safe and take care of their body
  • Learning improvement

Five Developmental Disorders:

There are five disorders that show autism and developmental delay the same thing.

  • Autistic Disorder: another name for autism disorder is mindblindness. In this person have the neurological and developmental disorder of their thinking, language, behavior and social skills. It appears before age three. It is diagnosed in 18 months on the basis of symptoms such as social interaction, communication, activities, and interests.
  • Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS): It is called typical autism or mild autism. PDD can be milder than autism cannot be true always. Another name us atypical autism.
  • Asperger Syndrome: In Asperger syndrome, people have normal intelligence and language development skills. They also have some extraordinary skills. They get a problem in some social activities such as sensory input and making transitions.
  • Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD): It is a condition when a child develops some skills normally from age 3 or 4. After few months child loses some skills such as language, motor, social, and other skills that they already learned.
  • Rett Syndrome: It is a genetic syndrome which causes symptoms in girls similar to autism. Normally it starting between six months and three years of age until they start their normal development.

 If you need more information or you have a question regarding Autism and Developmental Delay, you can discuss it with our HearingSol healthcare professionals, just give us a call on +91-9327901950. We are always here to help you.

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