Are Autism and Asperger Syndrome the same thing?

Neither we can say that Autism and Asperger Syndrome are two different things nor we can say that they are similar. Asperger syndrome was generally considered to be on the high functioning end of the spectrum. Affected children and adults have difficulties in development and behavior. Readout to find the similarities and difference between Asperger’s and autism.

If you need more information or you have a question regarding Autism and Asperger Syndrome, you can discuss it with our HearingSol healthcare professionals, just give us a call on +91-9327901950. We are always here to help you.

What is Autism and Asperger Syndrome?

Autism is a neurological and developmental disorder that affects early in childhood and affects daily functioning. An autism spectrum disorder is a wide variation in challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech, and nonverbal communication.

According to NINDS, Asperger(Asperger’s) Syndrome is a developmental disorder. They face a different type of difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication. They communicate with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior. Asperger’s Syndrome is a mild form of Autism.

Symptoms of Autism and Asperger Syndrome

Signs of Asperger Syndrome

  • Difficulty in language and communication skills.
  • Repetitive or restrictive patterns of thoughts.
  • Rett syndrome.
  • Childhood developmental disorder.
  • A pervasive developmental disorder.

Signs of Autism

  •  Inappropriate body language, gestures, and facial expressions.
  • Lack of interest in other people or in sharing interests or achievements.
  • Does not make friends with children the same age.
  • Unusual in social interaction, prefers to be alone.
  • Difficulty in comprehending other people’s feelings, reactions.
  • Repeating words.
  • A problem in starting a conversation.
  • Face difficulty in learning how to speak.

Therapies and services

Asperger Syndrome

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy can help to deal with anxiety and other personal challenges.
  • Social skills training classes can help to understand conversational skills and social signals.
  • Speech therapy can help with voice control.
  • Physical and occupational therapy can improve coordination.
  • Psychoactive medications can help in managing associated anxiety, depression and attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).


  • Occupational Therapy.
  • Speech Therapy.
  • ABA Therapy.
  • Social Skills Classes.
  • Hippotherapy (OT through horseback riding).
  • GFCF Diet.
  • Psychiatrist/Psychologist sessions.
  • Floor Time, RDI, PECs, Swimming, PRT.

Applied Behavior Analysis

It is a technique that encourages positive social and communication skills in your child – and check the behavior you see. The doctor will use a compliment or other “positive reinforcement” to get results.

How Are Autism and Asperger Syndrome Similar?

  • Become self-isolated. They reject the contact with the outside world, family members as well as strangers.
  • They do repetitive activities and arrange things around them so that everything should be is maintained.
  • A desire to follow strict schedules.
  • Expressions of feeling, intentions, and desire that are typical in communication with other people. They are not communicated with people apart they are engaged with themselves.
  • They lack a sense of humor. Also, they are relaxed and carefree, and when they are in a happy mood they can not express the way others around them display their moods.
  • Issues with motor skills

Differences between Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome

  • IQ. People with Asperger’s syndrome have IQs that fall in the normal or even superior range as compared to people with classic autism, who have lower intelligence, as measured by standardized assessment measures.
  • Speech. Kids with autism tend to start talking later but those with Asperger’s usually don’t experience a language delay. They usually want to interact with others.
  • Age of Detection. Asperger’s become noticeable when a child enters school. Difficulties with socialization become apparent. Whereas autism is generally observable by two years of age or even earlier.
  • Less Severe symptoms in Asperger’s. Asperger’s generally experience less severe symptoms than those with autism. Because of this, often Asperger’s are able to live independently whereas many kids with autism need specialized education and support. But this isn’t always the case.

Diagnosing ASD and Asperger Syndrome

Diagnosing of ASD and Asperger syndrome is similar. Because Asperger syndrome is the type of autism.

Comprehensive Diagnostic Evaluation:- In this evaluation, the doctor checks a child’s behavior and development. The doctor also interviews the parents. It also includes a hearing and vision screening, neurological testing, and another medical test.

Developmental Screening:- Screening tools are developed to identify which children have developmental delays. During the developmental screening, the doctor put up some questions to the parent and play with the child. However, the doctor does so to examine the child how they learn, speaks and behaves. A problem in any of these areas is a big worry. If the doctor finds out any signs of a problem. The doctor tells you for a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation.

Treatment for both disorders is necessary

Every child with autism or Asperger’s is unique. Their symptoms may vary. Your doctor can help in determining the specific traits of the disorder. So as a parent, your duty is to tell the doctor all the signs you observe in your child. Early intervention will prove beneficial in both disorders as there will be better chances of a good outcome.

Treatment for Autism

  • Behavior and communication therapies:- Behavioral training and management use optimum reinforcement, self-confidence, and social skills to enhance the behavior and communication of your child.
  • Specialized therapies:- It is an education program. This education program includes a team of specialists and a different type of activities to improve social skills, an interaction of your child.
  • Medications:-Medicines are rarely used that can improve conditions. It controls the symptoms.
  • Other Treatments such as speech therapy, occupational therapy, and physical therapy can be used.

Treatment for Asperger Syndrome

  • Education and training:- Specialized classroom is for children where they are cured with various activities.
  • Speech-Language Therapy:- A speech Therapist help them to comprehend what other people mean when they speak. The child understands and establishes communication.
  • Occupational Therapy:-   Therapy deal with the sensory issue as well as a poor motor skill.
  • Medication:- It is only beneficial for some symptoms. Medicine will be used when prescribed by doctors.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT):- It helps your child change the way we think, so can better control his feelings and repetitive behaviors. The child will be able to get a handle on things such as outburst, meltdown, and passion.

If you need more information or you have a question regarding Autism and Asperger Syndrome, you can discuss it with our HearingSol healthcare professionals, just give us a call on +91-9327901950. We are always here to help you.

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