What are the tests used in the diagnosis of ASD?

ASD stands for Autism Spectrum Disorder. Even after getting so advanced in Medical, there is still no specified tests used in the diagnosis of ASD. But it’s not always simple to make an ASD diagnosis. There is no lab test for it, so doctors rely on observing the behaviors of young children and listening to their parent’s concern.

If you need more information or you have a question regarding Autism Spectrum Disorder, you can discuss it with our HearingSol healthcare professionals, just give us a call on +91-9899437202. We are always here to help you.

Parents are the first to notice unusual behaviors in their child. Some of those behaviors are failing to make eye contact, not responding to their name or playing with toys in unusual or repetitive ways.

However, Parents should encourage them to a specialist for a better diagnosis. But unfortunately, there are doctors who are unfamiliar with the diagnosis process and corner parent’s concern. It delays the opportunity for early intervention therapies.

While diagnosing ASD, a team of doctors is involved such as a psychologist, a speech therapist, a pediatrician, and an occupational therapist.

ASD requires two steps:

1. Developmental Screening

This test includes short tests. They tell if the child is able to learn basic skills, or they have delays. The screening involves examining the child how they learn, speak, behave, and move.

If the test suggests that your child has a high risk for ASD, he/she will receive a more extensive evaluation.

Your responsibilities for your child’s screening are very important. Every child should checkup and gets an assessment at their 18- and 24-month by the Pediatricians, to ensure that they are on track, even if they do not have any symptoms.

2. Comprehensive Diagnostic Evaluation

It is the next step in the diagnosis. This utter review may include looking at the child’s behavior and development. It also includes vision screening, hearing, genetic testing, and other medical testing. This may involve a team of specialists include:

  • Developmental Pediatricians
  • Child Neurologists
  • Child psychologists or Psychiatrists

The diagnostic evaluation for individuals at risk for ASD (Assessment of social communication skills) typically includes

Depending on the results of the screening. The persons with ASD refer to an SLP and other professionals as needed, for a comprehensive assessment.

  • The relevant case history. It includes information related to the child’s health, development and behavioral history and current medical conditions.
  • Family medical and mental health history.
  • An extensive speech and language assessment.
  • A medical evaluation, including general physiological and neurodevelopment examination, as well as hearing and vision testing.

Genetic Testing

Genes are formed by DNA. DNA directs our bodies on how to develop and grow properly. Genetic Testing can find alters in a person’s DNA related to specific conditions or disorders. It can assist determine the risk that other members have the same condition to future generations.

Another genetic testing may be suitable for children who have specific symptoms. As new genes are important to be found in ASD, some may be added to routine testing.

Other Tests

If your child needs more tests, then your next appointment will probably be with a team of ASD experts. Such as child psychologist, speech-language pathologist, and occupational therapist. You can also meet with a developmental pediatrician and a neurologist.

The main treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder is cognitive-behavioral therapy. This is an accepted treatment of anxiety. In cognitive-behavioral therapy, parents and teachers work as social coaches to help the affected person. Prior to proving the involvement of parents in the lives of children affected by anxiety related to (high-frequency autism) HFA, there are many formal examinations of the evidence.

Common strategies to treat autism:

  • Self-care and self-management: Plan or designed strategy to maintain or change the behavior of an affected person to make their life easy.
  • We design self-management strategies to provide skills to manage behavior to build confidence and independence.
  • Improving self-management skills assures them and require supervision or control.
  • Self-monitoring is a framework that encourages and make them as well as independent and control.
  • Self-monitoring is not for everyone. It needs the attention and dedication of the individual with HFA and needs to oversee the progress.

Conclusion

Diagnosing ASD early and precisely is very important. Early mediation and treatment can better reduce the challenges your child may undergo. It also gives them the best possibility of freedom.

If you need more information or you have a question regarding Autism Spectrum Disorder, you can discuss it with our HearingSol healthcare professionals, just give us a call on +91-9899437202. We are always here to help you.

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