Childhood Apraxia of Speech ( CAS ) is a very uncommon speech-sound disorder in which a child is unable to tell correctly and consistently a sentence and are not able to express what he or she wants. This disorder can become a huge problem with growing age. Treatment of CAS at an early age can reduce the risk of long term persistence of this abnormality.
CAS is somehow different from Speech Disorder and has to treat differently. A pathologist will examine if a child is able to say a word properly, able to combine some words and structure a sentence and has the ability to understand speech.
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Diagnosis of CAS is not based on just a single test or observation. It depends on a wide range of problems that are seen. The specific tests which are conducted during the evaluation will depend on your child’s age, his ability to cooperate and the severity of the speech problem.
Various tests have to be done so that Speech Pathologist is able to determine the appropriate treatment.
Various Tests Before Has To Be Done Before Treatment
Treatment determination relies on various factors, including how serious condition of the disorder and the communication needs of the youngster. Since side effects regularly vary both from kid to kid. For that, a Speech-Pathologist has to go through all the medical history of a child and has to conduct an examination to examine whether all the facial muscles are working correctly.
In this test, a pathologist will check the structural problem of a child’s jaw, tongue, and lips. He will examine all the facial movements of a child while speaking, smiling, laughing, etc.
In this, a pathologist put some pictures in front of a child and will determine whether a child is in difficulty to name a picture. In this evaluation, a pathologist will observe a child’s ability to express words and sentences.
The pathologist will also test whether a child is having a hearing problem which affects the Speech Problem.
How to Cure Childhood apraxia of speech?
The following are brief descriptions of both general and particular treatment for treating childhood apraxia of speech.
Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)
AAC includes supplementing or replacing normal speech with helped images (e.g., picture correspondence, line portrait, Blissymbols, speech creating gadgets, and substantial items). And unaided images (e.g., manual signs, motions, and fingerspelling). Though helped images require some sort of transmission gadget, generation of unaided images requires just body developments.
Motor Programming therapy
Motor programming therapy are given regular and intensive practice with regards to speech targets; focus around exact speech movement; involve external tangible contribution for speech therapy (e.g., sound-related, visual, material, psychological prompts); carefully think about the condition of practice used (e.g., irregular versus blocked routine with regards to targets); and give suitable types and schedules of feedback about performance.
Training Syllable Sequences
Repetitions of differed sequences of real or nonsense syllables are used to prepare motor planning. Essentially, Rapid Syllable Transition Treatment (ReST) applies standards of motor figuring out how to expand long-haul support and generalization of speech skills in children with CAS.
Rapid Syllable Transition Treatment (ReST) includes intensive practice in producing pseudo-words to enhance exactness of speech sound production, quick and familiar changing starting with one sound or syllable then onto the next. And control of syllable worries inside words.
Speech Practise at Home
Best comes out when you involve the speech practice of your child at home. The speech pathologist may encourage a child and can give some words, phrases, and sentence to practice in the presence of someone who can motivate and appraise a child’s determination.
Practice sessions can be small but at least do twice a day. These small practices at home will prepare your child to deal with the real-life situation.