Explain briefly Developmental Expressive Language Disorder (DELD)?

Children with Developmental Expressive Language Disorder have difficulty in expressing information in speech, writing, sign language or gesture.

Explain briefly Developmental Expressive Language Disorder (DELD)?

Some children are late in learning speech and language skills in the first three years, while eventually catch up later. These children are commonly referred to as “late-talkers”.

If you need more information or you have a question regarding Developmental Expressive Language Disorder (DELD), you can discuss it with our HearingSol healthcare professionals, just give us a call on +91-9327901950. We are always here to help you.

Causes of Developmental Expressive Language Disorder (DELD)

The cause of expressive language disorder is not properly clear yet. The condition may be genetic or run in family or it may be caused by a brain injury or malnutrition.

Some children have only difficulties in language development. While in other areas of there daily life they are progressing as expected. It is not related to the intelligence level of a child. Such issues as autism and hearing impairment, accompany some language disorder. These issues can worsen child symptoms.

Symptoms of developmental expressive language disorder

Children with expressive language disorder have difficulties in combining words to form accurate phrase and sentences. For example, a child may not use the correct form of the verb tense. They typically produce much shorter phrases and sentences than other children of the same age. And sometimes their vocabulary is smaller and more basic. Most of the kids with DELD have age usually less than the average age of other children. Such kids symptoms are –

  • Recalling words
  • Using language appropriately in a variety of settings with different people
  • Putting words and sentences together to express thoughts and ideas

Specific examples of expressive language impairment include:

  • A seven-year-old child being unable to join sentences with words like ‘and’, ‘but’ or ‘if’,
  • A three-year-old child who speaks in two-word phrases only.

Symptoms of expressive language disorder differ from one child to the next and depend on the child’s age and the degree of the impairment.

Common symptoms include:

  • Using noticeably easy words and sentences than children of a similar age,
  • They use shorter and simpler sentence construction than children of a similar age,
  • Kids having a limited and more basic vocabulary than children of a similar age,
  • Frequently having trouble finding the right word,
  • Using the wrong words in sentences and also confusing meaning in sentences,
  • Limited content in speech and relying on standard phrases,
  • Sounding hesitant while attempting to converse,
  • Repeating a speaker’s words,
  • Having problems with repeating a story further relaying information in an organized or cohesive way,
  • Not observing general rules of communicating with others,
  • Having difficulty with oral and written work, and also with school assignments,
  • Making grammatical errors and leaving in out words and using poor and also incomplete sentence structure.

Treatment for Developmental Expressive Language Disorder

Treatment options depend on the severity of the impairment. Some of the treatment may include:

  • Group sessions with a speech pathologist and the children
  • Individual therapy sessions with a speech pathologist
  • School-based language intervention programs 
  • Assistance from special education teachers
  • Teacher’s aide support for children with severe language impairment
  • Speech pathology sessions combined with home programs while parents can use with their child

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